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Safety Benefits of Propane
- Propane tanks are 20 times more puncture resistant that
tanks filled with ethanol, methanol or gasoline. They are constructed from
carbon steel, under the procedures developed by the American Society of
- Propane cylinders are equipped with a device that cuts
off the filling process, when the tank reached 80 percent of its liquid
capacity. This helps pressure inside the tank, caused by temperature to
variate, without a gas emitting from the tank.
- Propane has the lowest flammability rating of any alternative
- Propane leaks are easy to detect due to the strong pungent
smell that imitates the scent of rotten eggs.
- Propane will not contaminate water or soil.
- Unlike other fuels, like gasoline, propane can not be ingested,
due to the fact that it is vaporized internally when released form it's
container. Leaks do not form a puddle; propane dissipates into the air.
- In contrast with gasoline's ignition temperature of 430
to 500 degrees F, propane will not ignite until the air reaches at least
940 degrees F.
General Safety Guidelines for Propane
- Modifications or alterations to your propane system should
be handled by authorized personnel only. Tampering with the system may cause
a potentially dangerous situation.
- The easiest way to detect propane is by it's very unpleasant
odor. If the scent of propane is in the air, a potentially dangerous situation
- Extinguish all open flames, and immediately leave any area
where propane fumes are present.
- Avoid touching electrical switches or appliances when a
leak is suspected.
- In case of a leak, go to your propane system's storage
vessel, open the tank hood, and close the vapor service valve. Then, contact
a qualified technician for assistance.
- Electronic leak detectors are available. Contact your nearest
propane retailer for the purchase of a detector.
- Propane is heavier than air. The vapor will descend to
the lowest point, for example, your basement. Avoid these areas when a leak
- Never tamper with your system's supply lines.
- Never tamper with and safety devices, regulators, or storage
- Never use an open flame, to test for propane leaks.
- Please have your propane system checked if you have any
of the following systems of carbon monoxide poisoning: headaches, dizziness,
loss of muscular control, vomiting, and watering of the eyes.
- Prevention of carbon monoxide poisoning is listed in the
following steps: Never use range burners as space heaters. Never use propane
heaters that are not intended for indoor use. Never use a barbecue grill
indoors. Have all propane appliances tested regularly by a qualified technician.
Always make sure there is plenty of ventilation.
- Carbon monoxide detectors are available at most hardware
Propane Safety Guidelines For The Home
- Propane leaks smell like rotten eggs. Educate your family
so they may recognized the smell.
- If you smell a leak, evacuate the premises, and contact
your local fire department, or propane supplier. When leaving the premises,
do not alter any electrical outlets or light switches.
- Propane leak detectors are available at your local hardware
- Know the layout of your gas services lines, especially
if you are doing any type of landscaping or renovations.
- If you suspect your gas appliance has been damaged by water
or flooding, have a trained technician come out and service your system.
- All furnaces should be cleaned regularly. Check with your
propane retailer, and owners manual for cleaning instructions.
- In case of sediment buildup in your propane fueled water
heater, drain your tank until water runs clean.
- Have your range serviced if the flames are not blue. Yellow
flames indicate blockage to the air inlets, or an adjustment may be need
to the burner. Contact a technician to service. Also, do not line your range
with tin foil; it constricts air circulation.
- Never use a gas range or grill to heat your home.
Safety Guidelines For Grilling
- Never contain grill in an enclosed space. Always use grills
outdoors, in a well ventilated area. Do not place grill near leaves, brush,
or your home. Always keep the cylinders in an upright position. Never store
spare gas containers under or near the grill.
- Always follow the owner's manual, and keep it in a place
that is easily accessible.
- Close the cylinder valve when it is not in use. Also, make
sure all grill controls are in the off position. Never attach or disconnect
a cylinder, or alter the cylinder fittings when the grill is in operation
or if it is still hot.
- Do not cover your grill until all controls are turned off,
and the grill has completely cooled down.
- Have all cylinders checked for dents, rust or leaks, when
you are having it refilled.
- Never leave a filled cylinder enclosed in a vehicle. Keep
your car well ventilated when transporting cylinders.
- Cover disconnected hose-end fittings and burner air intakes
with protective fitting caps, when your grill is not in use. These caps
keep dirt, moisture and insects out of your equipment. Use a pipe cleaner
or wire to clear blockage in tubes that lead to the burner. Check grill
hoses for deterioration and kinks in the tubing.
- Leak-detection solution can be purchased at your local
propane gas supplier. Check for leaks, before igniting a grill burner. Also,
check connections for tightness. Never use matches or lighters to check
for leaks. Immediately turn off the gas and do not ignite, if you detect
the pungent smell of propane gas.
- In case of an uncontrollable fire, call your local fire
- Please refrain from smoking while handling your propane
- Never allow children to tamper or play with your gas grill.
- Do not store where cylinder would be exposed to high temperature.
Move gas hoses far away from possible dripping hot grease.
- Check your owners manual if you have problems getting your
grill to work. If you can not troubleshoot the problem, it is best to contact
your local propane retailer.
- Call a certified technician if the burner flame is not
blue. Yellow flames indicate that air inlets are obstructed or burners need
to be adjusted.
- Keep pot handles turned inward, to avoid accidental spills,
and to keep out of the reach of small children.
- Keep the grill and range surface clean and free of corrosion.
- Never cover the bottom with foil. The foil will restrict
- Never use your grill as a space heater.
- Never leave cooking food unattended.
- Keep flammable material away from grill or burners.
Planning for Storms or Other Emergencies
- To determine how much propane is needed during an emergency,
consumers need to know what appliances or equipment they are fueling and
the BTU rating for each item. Appliance BTU ratings can be found on the
appliance or in the owner’s manual. The rating is the number of BTUs that
are consumed by the appliance during a one-hour time period. A typical 20-pound
barbecue grill cylinder contains about 430,960 BTUs, so calculating usage
is relatively easy. Here are some examples:
- 40,000 BTU rating: The cylinder should fuel this appliance
on a high setting for over 10 hours of continuous use.
- 60,000 BTU rating: The cylinder should fuel this appliance
on a high setting for over seven hours of continuous use.
- Most cooking is done by starting on high and preheating
the grill, and then turning the burner to medium or low for cooking, which
will affect usage time.
Safety Tips: Before the Storm
Properly secure the propane tank, if possible.
Never bring a propane tank indoors.
Turn off the gas supply valve at the tank.
Fasten the protective dome on the tank.
Turn off appliance pilot lights, control valves and manual shutoff valves.
Ensure an adequate supply of fuel is in the tank.
Safety Tips: After the Storm
Propane consumers returning to their homes
and businesses after a hurricane should be on the alert for the following
conditions and contact their propane dealer or qualified technician for
repairs: Visible structural tank damage; including
external appliance venting and vent caps.
Propane tanks that have shifted or moved.
Broken, bent or otherwise damaged gas lines.
Appliance controls or appliances that have been exposed to water.
Tank regulators that have been exposed to water.
Never attempt to make repairs yourself or to use appliances or equipment
if any of these conditions exist.
Have any appliances or equipment damaged or exposed to water inspected
by a licensed gas supplier or technician prior to use.
Do not use any type of equipment fueled by gasoline, propane or other
fuel indoors as they may produce hazardous carbon monoxide.
If you did not turn off the gas tank prior to evacuation, do so before
turning on any electrical service or attempting to use any device that
may generate sparks or flames.
If you smell gas, evacuate the area and call your propane supplier and/or
emergency responders immediately.
Kohler Safety Information
P.O. Box 573
4130 Main St., Brown City, MI 48416